In vitro fertilization (IVF) is one of a number of methods used by physicians who specialize in assisted reproductive technology to help you conceive a child. It involves the surgical removal of eggs from ovaries, fertilizing them with sperm in the lab, and implanting the embryo into the uterus.
- The Benefits of IVF - IVF may help couples who suffer from a variety of conditions that affect their ability to conceive, including:
- Women with blocked, damaged fallopian tubes or who have undergone tubal ligation
- Women who can't or have difficulty ovulating, or have premature ovarian failure, endometriosis or uterine fibroids
- Women who are starting cancer treatment that might harm fertility. In this case, eggs or embryos are frozen for future implantation.
- Men who suffer from infertility, including low sperm count or low sperm motility
- One or both partners have a genetic disorder
- Other unexplained infertility
In cases where the female parent can't carry a child to term, another woman may act as a gestational carrier, and the embryo is implanted in her uterus. In cases where either the woman's eggs or man's sperm can't be used, potential parents may choose to use donor eggs, sperm or embryos.