Tips on Eating Healthy

Research has just begun on environmental factors and their impact on potential impact on fertility.  Diet is one of the latest research sectors.  Although there are no specific foods that will increase fertility, or sustain a pregnancy, there are certain diet guidelines you to consider when it comes to your fertility status.


  • Good diet/food choices:
    • Olive oil
    • Foods rich in omega 3 fatty acids like avocado and Salmon/fish, nuts
    •  Greek yogurt
    • Probiotics and prebiotics
    • Vegetables (greens for all those added minerals and vitamins)
    • Protein from lean animal meets, beans or nuts
  • Food/items to avoid
    • High saturated fats typically found in junk foods
    • Alcohol – high levels
    • A high carbohydrate diet
  • Celiac disease (CD) and infertility
    • Celiac disease is a genetic autoimmune disease involving the small intestine.  People with Celiac disease cannot digest and breakdown gluten, the protein found in wheat, barely and rye.
    • Celiac disease is not routinely tested in couples with unexplained infertility.
    • §  Women with celiac can suffer from late onset of menses, inability to conceive and recurrent miscarriage.  Research suggests that the reason for such reproductive issues in women with CD is due to lack of essential nutrients, shortened reproductive lifetime and perhaps a deregulation of the immune system
    • CD in men also affects fertility. Men with CD can have gonadal dysfunctions resulting in poor sperm morphology (shape of the sperm) and motility (how the sperm swim).  
  • Weight and Exercise
    • Balance is a critical. Research discovered and confirmed that weight can negatively affect fertility and outcomes
    • BMI parameters:
      • Obesity can negatively affect your fertility and a pregnancy. If your BMI is 39 or > consider weight loss.  For more tools please visit the Tools section of the knowledge center.
      • Being underweight can negatively affect fertility and cause amenorrhea or hypothalamic amenorrhea.  If your BMI is 19 or < consider talking to a professional for support with weight gain.
    • Exercise is important for overall physical health and mental health.  Consider adding some form of moderate physical activity to your daily routine if you do not exercise already.
    • NOTE: If you are currently going through an IVF cycle, your healthcare team may have restrictions on exercise during IVF cycles.  Hold off while taking IVF medications and during the retrieval and transfer process.
      • Why no intense exercise when going through IVF?  Well, your ovaries are hopefully growing a good number of follicles.  As these follicles grow, so do your ovaries.  When your ovaries stretch, and get heavy, this strains the fragile fallopian tubes, putting one at potentially greater risk for ovarian torsion, which is when the ovary flips and cuts off blood supply from the tube to the ovary.  This needs immediate medical attention). 

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